Seven days' 100% parental leave per year for solo parents until the child is 18, or indefinitely if the child has a disability. But it can be understood to have an effect on division of household labor by gender when both parents can take time to care for a new baby. 1999.  This change in family policy had mainly two aims: to reduce parents' financial loss in the first year after childbirth, and to encourage fathers to actively participate in childcare by taking parental leave. International Labour Organization.
In 2013, Joseph, Pailhé, Recotillet, and Solaz published a natural experiment evaluating a 2004 policy change in France. p. 34, Note: Rønsen & Kitterød, in their literature review on p. 60, reference several other citations to this same point, q.v., Marit Rønsen and Marianne Sundstrøm ; Jutta M. Joesch ; Christopher J. Ruhm ; JaneWaldfogel, Yoshio Higuchi, and Masahiro Abe ; Chiara Daniela Pronzato .
As of 17 October 2018: http://ec.europa.eu/europe2020/index_en.htm. In the European Union, the Pregnant Workers Directive requires at least 14 weeks of maternity leave; while the Work-life balance Directive requires at least 10 days of paternity leave, as well as at least 4 months of parental leave, with 2 months being non-transferable. 2014. In countries in which leave entitlements include a father's quota, there has been a pronounced impact, with the quota being credited for increasing paternal involvement and challenging gender roles within the family, promoting a more equal division of labor.  These high costs contribute to new mothers in the United States returning to work quicker than new mothers in European countries; approximately one third of women in the United States return to work within three months of giving birth, compared to approximately five per cent in the U.K., Germany, and Sweden, and just over half of mothers in the United States with a child under the age of one work.
105 days 100%, applicable also to miscarriages.
8 or 12 months with 50% leave and 50% working, 4 months' leave split over a maximum period of 20 months, 1 day per week on leave for up to 20 months, Blofield, Merike; Touchton, Michael (2020). If there is a childbirth, the mother regardless of whether she works for an organization, is an apprentice or has her own business gets a pre-natal maternity leave of 8 weeks before the expected date and 12 weeks' post-natal leave.  Criticism is often less concerned about the idea of paternity leave itself, but condemns the fact that father's quota policies do not allow that time to be allocated to the mother instead. Unpaid parental or family leave is provided when an employer is required to hold an employee's job while that employee is taking leave. Bedford Square Sess.
 Data from 16 European countries during the period 1969–1994 revealed that the decrease of infant mortality rates varied based on length of leave. , Studies looking for a connection between paid parental leave have shown conflicting results.
For example, you want to take a week of parental leave in mid-March, but because a big project is starting then, your employer has to tell you to take the leave later in the year when the project is finished. Leave legislation can also impact fertility rates. Community, Work & Family 17 (2): 163– 180, Eurostat. Creating Capabilities: The Human Development Approach. This brings the effective leave period for French fathers to 28 weeks, one of the highest in Europe.
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