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kieffer pear wiki

It is a 15-20 ft tree grafted on Calleryana rootstock. European pear trees are not quite as hardy as apples, but nearly so. It is a very productive tree as well as ornamental. Two Dutch cultivars are "Gieser Wildeman [nl]" (a sweet variety) and "Saint Remy (pear) [nl]" (slightly sour). The following cultivars have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit:[11], The purely decorative cultivar P. salicifolia ‘Pendula’, with pendulous branches and silvery leaves, has also won the award.[19]. Flesh is white, very crisp, and coarse in texture. The word pear is probably from Germanic pera as a loanword of Vulgar Latin pira, the plural of pirum, akin to Greek apios (from Mycenaean ápisos),[1] of Semitic origin (pirâ), meaning "fruit". If pears are placed next to bananas in a fruit bowl, the ethylene emitted by the banana causes the pears to ripen. [24], Pear wood is one of the preferred materials in the manufacture of high-quality woodwind instruments and furniture, and was used for making the carved blocks for woodcuts. In Britain, the place name "Perry" can indicate the historical presence of pear trees. Most are cold-hardy, withstanding temperatures as low as −25 to −40 °C (−13 to −40 °F) in winter, except for the evergreen species, which only tolerate temperatures down to about −15 °C (5 °F). [21] Pears are ripe when the flesh around the stem gives to gentle pressure. Pyrus communis, known as the European pear or common pear,[2] is a species of pear native to central and eastern Europe and southwest Asia. For best and most consistent quality, European pears are picked when the fruit matures, but before they are ripe. Grow this robust tree (blight-resistant and bears young) with its big, yellow fruit as far North as Zone 4 and as far South as Zone 9. From the upper rim of the receptacle are given off the five sepals,[vague] the five petals, and the very numerous stamens. The Kieffer pear grows best in slightly acidic, deep, heavy, and moist (but well-drained) soil. Pears may be stored at room temperature until ripe. Because pears ripen from the inside out, the best way to judge ripeness is to "check the neck": apply gentle thumb pressure to the neck or stem end of the pear. A certain race of pears, with white down on the undersurface of their leaves, is supposed to have originated from P. nivalis, and their fruit is chiefly used in France in the manufacture of perry (see also cider). Three species account for the vast majority of edible fruit production, the European pear Pyrus communis subsp. Other small-fruited pears, distinguished by their early ripening and apple-like fruit, may be referred to as P. cordata, a species found wild in western France and southwestern England. Blake's Pride pear (Image courtesy of USDA, ARS), Packham's Triumph pear, or just Packham's pear, Beurré Clairgeau, or Clairgeau pear, an early 19th-century French variety, Louise Bonne of Jersey pear, a late 18th-century French pear. The Kieffer Pear tree is one of the latest ripening pears available, making it good for fresh consumption and to attract big deer during hunting season. 'Bartlett' (Williams) is the most common pear cultivar in the world, representing about 75% of US pear production. Almost all European cultivars were chance seedlings or selections originating in western Europe, mostly France. A species grown in western China, P. sinkiangensis, and P. pashia, grown in southern China and south Asia, are also produced to a lesser degree. [citation needed], In the United States, 95% of reported pear production in 2004 came from four cultivars:[5]. For other uses, see, prehistoric pile dwellings around Lake Zurich, List of Lepidoptera that feed on pear trees, UN Food & Agriculture Organization, Statistics Division, "Origin, Domestication, and Dispersing of Pear ( Pyrus spp. With our Kieffer, you get exceptionally large fruit, preferred taste and texture plus easy, cold hardy growth that's second to none. Other small-fruited species are frequently used as rootstocks for the cultivated forms. Pears grow in the sublime orchard of Alcinous, in Odyssey vii: "Therein grow trees, tall and luxuriant, pears and pomegranates and apple-trees with their bright fruit, and sweet figs, and luxuriant olives. Kieffer … Fermented pear juice is called perry. It is a medium-sized tree, reaching 10–17 m (33–56 ft) tall, often with a tall, narrow crown; a few species are shrubby. This late ripening variety is vigorous and highly productive, producing medium to large-sized fruits that have a beautiful yellow skin and red blush. The pear is native to coastal and mildly temperate regions of the Old World, from Western Europe and North Africa east across Asia. Those marked .mw-parser-output span.smallcaps{font-variant:small-caps}.mw-parser-output span.smallcaps-smaller{font-size:85%}agm have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. Raw pear is 84% water, 15% carbohydrates and contains negligible protein and fat (table). caucasica (syn. Flesh is white, very crisp, and coarse in texture. Several species of pears are valued for their edible fruit and juices, while others are cultivated as trees. Extend your pear harvest with a Kieffer Pear Tree! If it yields to gentle pressure, then the pear is ripe, sweet, and juicy. The first gathering will come into eating last, and thus the season of the fruit may be considerably prolonged. 'Starkrimson', also called Red Clapp's, is a red-skinned 1939 Michigan bud mutation of Clapp's Favourite. Pears were cultivated in China as early as 2000 BC. Pear Bureau Northwest offers tips on ripening and judging ripeness: Although the skin on Bartlett pears changes from green to yellow as they ripen, most varieties show little color change as they ripen. If it is firm, leave the pear at room temperature and check daily for ripeness. The adjective pyriform or piriform means pear-shaped. Pearwood is the favored wood for architect's rulers because it does not warp. About 3000 known varieties of pears are grown worldwide, which vary in both shape and taste. [22] Refrigeration will slow further ripening. Some varieties, such as Beurre d'Anjou, ripen only with exposure to cold. Of these the fruit perishes not nor fails in winter or in summer, but lasts throughout the year.". So one day he noticed a seedling with unusual foliage so he saved it. [citation needed] The enormous number of varieties of the cultivated European pear (Pyrus communis subsp. Kieffer stores well and is a great pear for cooking, canning and preserves. We carefully groom and nurture our Kieffer Pear Trees to produce large, delicious pears that are unparalleled. Fruit allowed to ripen on the tree often drops before it can be picked, and in any event will be hard to pick without bruising. In 2018, world production of pears was 23.7 million tonnes, led by China with 68% of the total (table). The pear tree and shrub are a species of genus Pyrus /ˈpaɪrəs/, in the family Rosaceae, bearing the pomaceous fruit of the same name. Williams' Bon Chrétien (commonly Williams or Bartlett) pear, 1822 printing digitized by Google. American heirloom pears are extremely rare so the Kieffer pear tree is a special treat. European pear trees are not quite as hardy as apples, but nearly so. Asian species with medium to large edible fruit include P. pyrifolia, P. ussuriensis, P. × bretschneideri, P. × sinkiangensis, and P. pashia. Relatively few cultivars of European or Asian pears are widely grown worldwide. Lincoln[25] describes it as "a fairly tough, very stable wood... (used for) carving... brushbacks, umbrella handles, measuring instruments such as set squares and T-squares... recorders... violin and guitar fingerboards and piano keys... decorative veneering." Wereldwijd heeft de keten zo'n 1.600 vestigingen verdeeld over vijftien landen. Two other species of pear, the Nashi pear (Pyrus pyrifolia) and the hybrid Chinese white or ya pear (Pyrus × bretschneideri, Chinese: 白梨; pinyin: báilí) are more widely grown in East Asia. According to Pear Bureau Northwest, about 3000 known varieties of pears are grown worldwide. The following is a list of the more common and important cultivars, with the year and place of origin (where documented) and an indication of whether the pears are for cooking, eating, or making perry.Those varieties marked agm have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit Ripening is accelerated by the gas ethylene. A number of Lepidoptera caterpillars feed on pear tree leaves. communis) is thought to be descended from two subspecies of wild pears, categorized as P. communis subsp. Watercolor of Forelle (European pear) painted in 1900 by Deborah Griscom Passmore (USDA), Pyrus Communis in the UBC Botanical Garden, The examples and perspective in this section, U.S. Department of Agriculture. Our low prices make planting you home pear orchard dream a reality call our pros 888-758-2252. Pear and walnut trees were held to be the sacred abodes of beneficent spirits in pre-Islamic Chechen religion and, for this reason, it was forbidden to fell them. The flowers are white, rarely tinted yellow or pink, 2–4 centimetres (1–1 1⁄2 in) diameter, and have five petals. The cultivated European pear (P. communis subsp. The juice can also be used in jellies and jams, usually in combination with other fruits, including berries. The genus is thought to have originated in present-day Western China[7] in the foothills of the Tian Shan, a mountain range of Central Asia, and to have spread to the north and south along mountain chains, evolving into a diverse group of over 20 widely recognized primary species. [3] Although they point to finds of pears in sites in Neolithic and Bronze Age European sites, "reliable information on pear cultivation first appears in the works of the Greek and the Roman writers. Fermented pear juice is called perry or pear cider and is made in a way that is similar to how cider is made from apples. Pears and apples cannot always be distinguished by the form of the fruit;[3] some pears look very much like some apples, e.g. It is also used for wood carving, and as a firewood to produce aromatic smoke for smoking meat or tobacco. 'Kieffer' (USA - a hybrid of the Chinese "sand pear", 'Laxton's Superb' (England; no longer used due to high susceptibility to, 'Red Bartlett' (USA - There are three major red-skinned mutant clones: 'Max Red Bartlett', 'Sensation Red Bartlett', 'Rosired Bartlett'). communis cultivated mainly in Europe and North America, the Chinese white pear (bai li) Pyrus × bretschneideri, and the Nashi pear Pyrus pyrifolia (also known as Asian pear or apple pear), both grown mainly in eastern Asia. [5] Pliny's Natural History recommended stewing them with honey and noted three dozen varieties. This productive pear tree is self-fertile and ripens October-November. The perfect pear for canning and preserves. ), Dris, Ramdane, and S. Mohan Jain (editors.) Archeological evidence shows these pears "were collected from the wild long before their introduction into cultivation", according to Zohary and Hopf. There are thousands of cultivars of these three species. Many traces have been found in prehistoric pile dwellings around Lake Zurich. [26], "Pear tree" and "Pyrus" redirect here. Most pears are deciduous, but one or two species in Southeast Asia are evergreen. The Manchurian or Ussurian Pear, Pyrus ussuriensis (which produces unpalatable fruit) has been crossed with Pyrus communis to breed hardier pear cultivars. And you get versatility with this crisp, juicy pear...there's no limit to the possibilities of cooking and snacking with this special variety. Geschiedenis. It needs 750 chill hours and a cross pollinator. The pear was also cultivated by the Romans, who ate the fruits raw or cooked, just like apples. The French names of pears grown in English medieval gardens suggest that their reputation, at the least, was French; a favored variety in the accounts was named for Saint Rule or Regul', Bishop of Senlis.[8]. Other species are used as rootstocks for European and Asian pears and as ornamental trees. The Asian cultivars all originated in Japan and China. The fruit is yellow and ripens in August-September. Pyrus communis ‘Kieffer’ This hard pear is great for canning or preserves. "[4] Theophrastus, Cato the Elder, and Pliny the Elder all present information about the cultivation and grafting of pears.

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