, all will be happily changed and the present impending danger so completely passed away that if you were to name the child you would call him Immanuel.” Surely this would not be a sign or pledge of anything to Ahaz. also, that holy one who is to be born will be called the son of God. “Jesus answered them, Is it not written in your law, I said, ye are gods? The persons to whom it was addressed. Such arguments are unworthy of notice; and only show to what means people have resorted in defending the doctrines, and in interpreting the pages of the Bible. It is true, that Matthew Mat 1:23 uses this name as properly expressing the rank of the Messiah; but all that can be demonstrated from the use of the name by Matthew is, that it properly designated the nature and rank of the Lord Jesus. virgin — from a root, “to lie hid,” virgins being closely kept from men‘s gaze in their parents‘ custody in the East. "Commentary on Isaiah 7:14". For these two last are almost always associated in the prophet’s view. 1. "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". found with child of the Holy Spirit. 3. (“Niger” in Expositor. We know that to the father is always assigned the right of giving a name to a child; for it is a sign of the power and authority of fathers over children; and the same authority does not belong to women. The Hebrew word for “virgin,” here, is not indeed the specific word for a virgin in that language. Hastings. [Note: E.g, Delitzsch, 1:216-20; Charles L. Feinberg, "The Virgin Birth in the Old Testament and, ". A plain reading of Isaiah 7 supports the view that the latter is true, that the Christian view of this prophecy is correct. 8. about Maher-shalal-hash-baz. It was especially designed to assure the government that the kingdom would be safe. Perhaps the Almah was "Abi" (2 Kings 18:2; 2 Chronicles 29:1), but the son was not necessarily Hezekiah. Thus they show that they are grossly ignorant of history. So far as relates to the persons addressed, the Prophet leaves the wicked king and looks to the nation, so far as it had been adopted by God. The only other significant debate regarding this prophecy is the Hebrew word 'almâ, translated "virgin." 2. ), “God with us.” This means omnipotence with us, omniscience with us, perfection with us, and the love that never fails. ‹We are not, then, to suppose that the child should actually receive the name Immanuel as a proper name, since, according to the usage of the prophet, and especially of Isaiah, that is often ascribed to a person or thing as a name which belongs to him in an eminent degree as an attribute; see Isaiah 9:5; Isaiah 61:6; Isaiah 62:4.‘ - “Hengstenberg.” The idea is, that that would be a name that might be “appropriately” given to the child. Go to. Now it came to pass in the days of Ahaz the son of Jotham, the son of Uzziah, king of Judah, that Rezin king of Syria and Pekah the son of Remaliah, king of Israel, went up to Jerusalem to make war against it, but could not prevail against it. As He will be the visible Judge of the world at last; He will be Judge in our nature who was Saviour of our nature (Joh ; Act 17:13). The definite article ("the") describes "virgin" in the Hebrew text. (F. H. Woods, B. D.), When Jesus claimed to be the Son of God, the Jews saw quite clearly that this was indeed nothing less than the claim to be Divine, and they cried out that this was blasphemy. And say unto him, Take heed, and be quiet; fear not, 1. kal, but the niphal, Malachi 2:5), just as the conditional threat "ye shall not remain" was fulfilled upon Judah in the Babylonian captivity. If this refers to the birth of a child, then it means that this was an event which could be known only to God, and which could be accomplished only by his agency. So Theodoret, Irenaeus, Tertullian, Lactantius, Chrysostom. This view satisfies all the requirements of the narrative. (Calmet, Diss.) It is the only word in Hebrew that unequivocally signifies an unmarried woman. The spiritual affections center in spiritual beauty. God absolutely considered is an awful name; the Divine majesty is bright and glorious, apt to strike an awe upon our minds, to awaken a sense of guilt, and keep us at a distance from Him (Gen ; Deu 28:58; Job 13:21). Darby What sign could the distant birth of Christ be to Ahaz? Here, then, the Church has a view of the glorious Person of Jesus; and she falls in love with him. Immanuel = "GOD ("El) with us". In each case it only refers to an unmarried woman or a virgin. Why did this happen? The Jews in their sophistry tell us that this name was given to Hezekiah; because by the hand of Hezekiah God delivered his people; and they add, “He who is the servant of God represents his person.” But neither Moses nor Joshua, who were deliverers of the nation, were so denominated; and therefore this Immanuel is preferred to Moses and Joshua, and all the others; for by this name he excels all that ever were before, and all that shall come after him; and it is a title expressive of some extraordinary excellence and authority which he possesses above others. This will hallow your thoughts in the use of them, and make them to you "means of grace" indeed.—W. The fact that the Septuagint translators rendered the word η παρθενος, the virgin, indicates that they knew that while the Hebrew word was not precisely “virgin,” yet what the prophet meant was “virgin,” and clearly evinces that what virgin was meant was matter of public notoriety. THE GLORIOUS EVENT PREDICTED. Next: Did Emperor Constantine shape the New Testament? 27. N.A.S.B. This idea is given by Jerome, who says, ‹the name is given to a virgin because she is said to be hidden or secret; because she does not expose herself to the gaze of men, but is kept with great care under the custody of parents.‘ The sum of the inquiry here, into the meaning of the word translated “virgin,” is, that it does not differ from that word as used by us. 1599-1645. himself — since thou wilt not ask a sign, nay, rejectest the offer of one. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/isaiah-7.html. There is something in supernatural beauty which kindles spiritual affection, as there is something in natural beauty which kindles natural affection. A sign - A pledge; a token; an evidence of the fulfillment of what is predicted. This was, indeed, the only foundation on which the salvation of the Church always rested. Thus, “Isaiah” denotes the salvation of Yahweh; “Jeremiah,” the exaltation or grandeur of Yahweh, each compounded of two words, in which the name Yahweh constitutes a part. ), You will find that the presence of one Person pervades the whole book If you go into a British navy yard, or on board a British vessel, and pick up a piece of rope, you will find that there is one little red thread which runs through the whole of it--through every foot of cordage which belongs to the British government; so, if a piece of rope is stolen, it may be cut rote inch pieces, but every piece has the mark which tells where it belongs.
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