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francis i holy roman emperor parents

The influence of Francis in government was inconsiderable except in economic matters. Updates? With his wife, Maria Theresa, he was the founder of the Habsburg-Lorraine dynasty. [7] Heavily indebted and on the verge of bankruptcy at the end of the Seven Years' War, the Austrian Empire was in a better financial condition than France or England in the 1780s. They arrived on 20 January 1739. Our latest podcast episode features popular TED speaker Mara Mintzer. & R.H Archduchess Maria Anna of Austria, Archduchess Maria Elisabeth of Austria (1743–1808), Maria Amalia d'Asburgo, duchessa di Parma, Leopold II of Austria, Holy Roman Emperor, Archduchess Maria Carolina of Austria (1748), Archduchess Maria Johanna Gabriela of Austria, Ferdinand I Karl von Österreich-Este, Erzherzog von Österreich, Marie Antoinette, Queen Consort of France, Maximilian Franz von Österreich, Erzbischof von Köln, Léopold Clément Charles, prince héritier de Lorraine, Elisabeth Therese of Lorraine, Queen consort of Sardinia, Charles Alexandre de Lorraine, landvoogd van de Zuidelijke Nederlanden (Governor), princesse Anne Charlotte de Lorraine, abbess, Wojcik Cicirko Szczyrba Kopec Pal Bazylak Website, Francis I Stephen Holy Roman Emperor De Lorraine. When the War of the Polish Succession broke out in 1733, France used it as an opportunity to seize Lorraine, since France's prime minister, Cardinal Fleury, was concerned that, as a Habsburg possession, it would bring Austrian power too close to France. In compensation, Francis was allowed to succeed the childless Gian Gastone, last of the Medici grand dukes of Tuscany. [4] On 10 January, the Spanish troops began their withdrawal from Tuscany, and were replaced by 6,000 Austrians. If something were to go wrong, Francis would become governor of the Austrian Netherlands. He died suddenly in his carriage while returning from the opera at Innsbruck on 18 August 1765. He had designed to marry his daughter Maria Theresa to Francis' older brother Leopold Clement. etc. Hale, Florence and the Medici, Orion books, p 192. Gian Gastone de' Medici, who died on 9 July 1737, was the second cousin of Francis (Gian Gastone and Francis' father Leopold were both great-grandchildren of Francis II, Duke of Lorraine), who also had Medici blood through his maternal great-great-grandmother Marie de' Medici, Queen consort of France and Navarre. He is buried in tomb number 55 in the Imperial Crypt in Vienna. The award gives rise to the award of a diploma at a ceremony at the University of Vienna. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Son of Leopold I Joseph, duc de Lorraine and Élisabeth Charlotte de Bourbon d'Orléans, duchesse de Lorraine Birth of H.I. Von Habsburg). Genealogy for Franz I Stephan of Habsburg-Lorraine (Habsburg-Lorraine), Duke of Lorraine and Bar, Emperor of the holy Roman Empire (1708 - 1765) family tree on Geni, with over 200 million profiles of ancestors and living relatives. However, his wife left him in charge of the financial affairs, which he managed well until his death. It honors works of excellence in the 18th century or the Habsburg monarchy. Father of Archduchess Maria Elisabeth of Austria; H.I. Omissions? Duke of Lorraine, Bar, and Grand Duke of Tuscany, Duke of Calabria, in Silesia of Teschen, Prince of Charleville, Margrave of Pont-à-Mousson and Nomeny, Count of Provence, Vaudémont, Blâmont, Zütphen, Saarwerden, Salm, Falkenstein, etc. 37, 38, 41, 47, 52, 53 for the other details described here. ...Michael Adam Von Lothringen, Maria Amalia Von Bourbon, a.d.H.Habsburg-Lothringen (geb. On 5 January 1737, instruments of cession were signed at Pontremoli between Spain and the Empire, with Spain ceding Parma, Piacenza and Tuscany to the Holy Roman Empire and the Empire recognizing Don Carlos of Spain as King of Naples and Sicily. De Bourbon D'orléans), Elisabeth Therese De Lorraine (geb. Exhibition from 13 May till October 1980 in Vienna, Schloss Schönbrunn, p. 28, see also pp. Francis was born in Nancy, Lorraine (now in France), the oldest surviving son of Leopold, Duke of Lorraine, and his wife Princess Élisabeth Charlotte d'Orléans. Francis I, Holy Roman emperor from Sept. 13, 1745; he was duke of Lorraine (as Francis Stephen) from 1729 to 1735 and grand duke of Tuscany from 1737. During the War of the Austrian Succession, Maria Theresa had never found an adequate general. Francis I (German: Franz Stefan; Italian: Francesco Stefano; English: Francis Stephen; 8 December 1708 – 18 August 1765) was Holy Roman Emperor and Grand Duke of Tuscany, though his wife effectively executed the real powers of those positions. During the war he was elected Holy Roman emperor after the death of the emperor Charles VII (the elector Charles Albert of Bavaria), who was one of his wife’s chief adversaries. They married on 12 February in the Augustinian Church, Vienna. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Francis-I-Holy-Roman-emperor, Holy Roman Empire Association - Biography of Emperor Francis I. On 31 January 1736 Francis agreed to marry Maria Theresa. Francis I, (born Dec. 8, 1708, Nancy, Duchy of Lorraine—died Aug. 18, 1765, Innsbruck, Austria), Holy Roman emperor from Sept. 13, 1745; he was duke of Lorraine (as Francis Stephen) from 1729 to 1735 and grand duke of Tuscany from 1737. In March 1736 the Emperor persuaded Francis, his future son-in-law, to secretly exchange Lorraine for the Grand Duchy of Tuscany. France, Sardinia, and Spain simultaneously opened the war against Austria in 1733 (. Maria Theresia und ihre Zeit. They were the founders of the Habsburg-Lorraine dynasty. Francis I, by the grace of God elected Holy Roman Emperor, forever August, King in Germany and of Jerusalem, Archduke of Austria, France had demanded that Maria Theresa's fiancé surrender his ancestral Duchy of Lorraine to accommodate the deposed King of Poland. The wedding was held on 14 February 1736. …marriage of Maria Theresa to Francis Stephen, duke of Lorraine, the latter’s domains would be united with Austria’s, and French plans for the acquisition of Lorraine would be thwarted. Francis II was the last emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, ruling from 1792 until 1806. Birth of Franz I Stephan, Kaiser des Heiligen Römisc... Baptism of Franz I Stephan, Kaiser des Heiligen Römi... His Highness Prince Francis Stephan of Lorraine, His Highness The Hereditary Prince of Lorraine, Birth of Archduchess Maria Elisabeth of Austria, His Royal Highness The Grand Duke of Tuscany. In 1731 he was initiated into freemasonry (Grand Lodge of England) by John Theophilus Desaguliers at a specially convened lodge in The Hague at the house of the British Ambassador, Philip Stanhope, 4th Earl of Chesterfield. Maria Theresa secured in the Treaty of Füssen his election to the Empire on 13 September 1745, in succession to Charles VII, and she made him co-regent of her hereditary dominions. Autograph signature to letter : Vienna, to Valerio Publicola of Santa Cruz, 1763 Mar. [5] On 24 January 1737 Francis received Tuscany from his father-in-law. Maria Carolina, Queen of Naples and Sicily, Maximilian Francis, Archbishop-Elector of Cologne, Philip Stanhope, 4th Earl of Chesterfield, Coins and Medals of the Emperor Francis Stephen of Lorraine, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Francis_I,_Holy_Roman_Emperor&oldid=978185751, Grand Masters of the Order of the Golden Fleece, 18th century in the Grand Duchy of Tuscany, Freemasons of the Premier Grand Lodge of England, Recipients of the Military Order of Maria Theresa, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox royalty with unknown parameters, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with RKDartists identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, died in childhood likely from smallpox, no issue, This page was last edited on 13 September 2020, at 11:58. Brother of Prince Léopold of Lorraine; Princess Élisabeth Charlotte of Lorraine; Princess Louise Christine of Lorraine; Marie Gabriela Charlotta de Lorraine; Prince Louis of Lorraine and 7 others; JOSEPHE GABRIELLE Lorraine; Princess Gabrièle Louise of Lorraine; Léopold Clément Charles, prince héritier de Lorraine; Princess Eléonore of Lorraine; Elisabeth Therese of Lorraine, Queen consort of Sardinia; Charles Alexandre de Lorraine, landvoogd van de Zuidelijke Nederlanden (Governor) and princesse Anne Charlotte de Lorraine, abbess « less, Predecessor: Gian Gastone de' Medici Successor: Leopold II, Predecessor: Leopold Successor: Stanisław I, Predecessor: Leopold Successor: Joseph II, Predecessor: Charles VII Successor: Joseph II, Predecessor: Maria Theresa as sole ruler Successor: Maria Theresa as sole ruler. Francis was succeeded as Emperor by his eldest son, Joseph II, and as Grand Duke of Tuscany by his younger son, Peter Leopold (later Emperor Leopold II). On Leopold Clement's death, Charles adopted the younger brother as his future son-in-law. ..., Luise-christine Von Lothringen, Marie-gabriele-charlotte Von Lothringen, Louis, Hereditary Prince Of Lorraine, Josepha-gabriele Von Lot... Maria Theresa Amalia Walburga Von Österreich Habsburg, Emperatriz de Austria (nacida Habsburg, Lothringen). He is better remembered for his cultural interests. In October 1738 he was back in Vienna. Was Napoleon Bonaparte nicknamed the Sun King? Geni requires JavaScript! Although fighting stopped after the preliminary peace, the final peace settlement had to wait until the death of the last Medici Grand Duke of Tuscany, Gian Gastone de' Medici in 1737, to allow the territorial exchanges provided for by the peace settlement to go into effect. ...e Johanna Antoinette of Austria, Peter Leopold Joseph of Austria, Maria Karoline Luise Josephine Johanna Antonia of Austria, Ferdinand Ka... Dec 8 1708 - Chateau De Luneville, Meurthe-Et-Mosel, France, Leopold Joseph Charles de Lorraine, Elisabeth Charlotte D'Orleans, Charles Alexandre Emanuel Prince de Lorraine. He hesitated three times (and laid down the feather before signing). [6] Until then, Maria Theresa was Duchess of Lorraine. He also took a great interest in the natural sciences. In June 1737 Francis went to Hungary again to fight against the Turks. He had a natural fund of good sense and brilliant business capacity and was a useful assistant to Maria Theresa in the laborious task of governing the complicated Austrian dominions, but he was not active in politics or diplomacy. Francis II (German: Franz II., Erwählter Römischer Kaiser) (12 February 1768 – 2 March 1835) was the last Holy Roman Emperor, ruling from 1792 until 6 August 1806, when he dissolved the Holy Roman Empire after the decisive defeat at the hands of the First French Empire led by Napoleon at the Battle of Austerlitz. His marriage to Maria Theresa, who was Charles’s heiress, took place on Feb. 12, 1736. As a result, Elisabeth's sons could claim by right of being a descendant of Margherita. Von Österreich), Leopold Ii. Francis succeeded his father as Duke of Lorraine in 1729. The duchy and the ducal title to Lorraine and Bar passed to King Louis XV of France upon Leszczynski's death in 1766, though Francis and his successors retained the right to style themselves as dukes of Lorraine and Bar.

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