It stood near the mouth of the Euphrates, on its western bank, and is represented by the mounds (of bricks cemented by bitumen) of el-Mugheir, ie, "the .../u/ur.htm - 15k, Gopher (1 Occurrence)... gopher with the modern Arabic kufa, a name given to the boats made of interwoven willow branches and palm leaves with a coating of bitumen outside, used today .../g/gopher.htm - 9k, Genesis 11:3and they say each one to his neighbour, 'Give help, let us make bricks, and burn 'them' thoroughly:' and the brick is to them for stone, and the bitumen hath been to them for mortar. BITUMEN. (Ge 14:10) Even today bitumen is occasionally washed ashore, suggesting that Siddim is presently located beneath the waters of the Dead Sea. New International Version (NIV). The chemical composition and consistency of these deposits vary significantly. .../s/slime.htm - 11k, Pits (13 Occurrences)... slim, slim'-pits (chemar; Septuagint asphaltos; Vulgate (Jerome's Latin Bible, 390-405 AD) bitumen; the Revised Version margin "bitumen"; compare Arabic chummar .../p/pits.htm - 13k, Pitch (25 Occurrences)... (Genesis 6:14), asphalt or bitumen in its soft state, called "slime" (Genesis 11:3; 14:10; Exodus 2:3), found in pits near the Dead Sea (qv). The related English words “asphalt” and “tar” reflect something of the nature of the material, although they indicate manufactured materials. A similar lake occurs in Venezuela. (YLT RSV), Genesis 14:10And the valley of Siddim 'is' full of bitumen-pits; and the kings of Sodom and Gomorrah flee, and fall there, and those left have fled to the mountain. The papyrus ark in which the baby Moses floated among the Nile reeds was watertight because it had been impregnated with both “bitumen and pitch.” (Ex 2:3) The city builders of Babylon learned that bitumen’s waterproof characteristics were combined with adhesive qualities that made it a most useful mortar for their kiln-dried bricks.—Ge 11:3. marʹ), its solid state.The third word, tar (koʹpher), describes its usage: how it is applied in overlaying woodwork.  As regards the thing itself-that encompassing the truth Divine there was good mixed with evils and falsities, no one can understand this unless he knows how the case is with the reformation of man. (See SLIME.) All rights reserved. Be it known further that good can be mixed "with evils and falsities, but that nevertheless they are not on this account conjoined, for each shuns the other, and by a law of order each separates itself from the other. Salem Media Group. Anyone who takes the time to consult a reasonable dictionary of geology will find that pitch can be extracted by distilling or heating wood. Bitumen is also a flammable material and is so described by Isaiah, who prophesied that the land of Edom would “become as burning pitch.”—Isa 34:9. Because of its waterproofing qualities, bitumen’s usefulness to man predates the Flood, for Noah, on being instructed to build the ark, was told to “cover it inside and outside with tar.”—Ge 6:14. Asphalt (or asphaltum) is a semisolid mixture of several hydrocarbons. Today, it is largely produced by heating coal. The day of the vengeance of Jehovah; the torrents thereof shall be turned into pitch, and the dust thereof into sulphur, and the land thereof into burning pitch (Isa. Everyone who is being reformed is let into this state, and in this way the evils and falsities in which he is, are removed, and goods and truths are inserted in their place. "Entry for 'BITUMEN'". Isa 34:9. Ribs of Cypress, cover with reeds and coat it…with tar - New English Bible. “pitch” or “to pitch.”.  Unless this secret is known, it cannot possibly be known why around the Divine truth in a man there are goods mixed with evils and falsities, signified by the bitumen and pitch wherewith the little ark was daubed in which the infant was laid. Bibliography C. F. Keil and F. Delitzsch, Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament (1949), V. 2, 142; A. M. Bateman, Economic Mineral Deposits, 2nd Ed. In ancient times, a piece of cloth was often dipped in pitch or oil and wrapped around a stick to make a torch lamp. Now the valley of Siddim was full of bitumen pits, and as the kings of Sodom and of Gomorrah fled some leaped into the pits, and the rest fled into the ... //christianbookshelf.org/leupold/exposition of genesis volume 1/chapter xiv.htm, Fragment ix. See SLIME. Call us at 888-634-2038. Gen. 11:3, R.V., margin, rendered in the A.V. Three references in the Bible are tr. With this the ark was pitched ( 6:14 . The signification of bitumen, is good mixed with evils; and the signification of pitch, is good mixed with falsities. But the good and truth which flow in through the internal render him so safe that the infernal spirits cannot do him the least harm; for that which acts inwardly prevails immeasurably over that which acts outwardly; because what is interior, in consequence of being purer, acts upon each and every individual particular of the exterior, and thus disposes the external to its will. Bitumen.Asphalt as found in its natural state; pitch, tar. And they said, one to another: Come, let us make bricks and let us burn them well. Genesis .../b/bitumen.htm - 8k, Slime (6 Occurrences)... Easton's Bible Dictionary (Genesis 11:3; LXX., "asphalt;" RV marg., "bitumen"). formed primarily by evaporation of the lighter and more volatile constituents. BibleSpeak offers the most comprehensive resource on the web for Bible name pronunciation. See also Ex. General Editor. Standard Bible Encyclopedia. ... 3. Easton M.A., D.D., Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Third Edition, published by Thomas Nelson, 1897. .../s/siddim.htm - 14k, Ark (212 Occurrences)... Slime (chemar, "bitumen"), pitch (zepheth, "pitch") was probably the sticky mud of the Nile with which to this day so many things in Egypt are plastered. Public Domain, copy freely. The day of the vengeance of Jehovah; the torrents thereof shall be turned into pitch, and the dust thereof into sulphur, and the land thereof into burning pitch (Isa. Hence then it is that by she daubed it with bitumen and pitch… They are dark to black color, consisting almost entirely of hydrogen and carbon with very little oxygen, nitrogen, and sulfur. Back to Words index, Back to Natural words index. Genesis 11:3, RSV, margin, rendered in the A.V. Most modern geologists know of no other source for it. But coal tar and petroleum are not the only source for pitch. Of Abraham and Lot. They are prob. “pitch” or “to pitch.” According to Strong these are Genesis 6:14 (כָּפַר֒, H4105, to cover [specifically with bitumen], to pitch; and כֹּ֫פֶר֒, H4108, a cover, specifically bitumen [as used for coating]); Exodus 2:3; Isa 34:9 (זֶ֫פֶת, H2413, asphalt [from its tendency to soften in the sun]). Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. "International Standard Bible Encyclopedia". However, it casts up black clods of bitumen in many parts of it; these swim at the top of the water, and resemble both in shape and bigness headless bulls; and ... /.../chapter 8 how vespasian upon.htm, The Conquest of Babylon. 34:8, 9); pitch and sulphur denote falsities and evils. Herodotus and others described the use of asphalt as a cement for bricks at Babylon, and it still may be seen in the ruins of the wall of Media near Babylon. These hover round him, and endeavor by every method to destroy him. BITUMEN. Bibliography Information Asphaltic-base oils at seepages yield natural bitumen, such as asphalt, rock asphalt, pyro-bitumens, and related compounds. They used for all this masonry a cement made from a species of bitumen, which was found in great quantities floating down one of the rivers which flowed into ... /...//christianbookshelf.org/abbott/cyrus the great/chapter viii the conquest of.htm, Chapter xiv ... 10. Please try again soon. See also Exodus 2:3 .) (n.) By extension, any one of the natural hydrocarbons, including the hard, solid, brittle varieties called asphalt, the semisolid maltha and mineral tars, the oily petroleums, and even the light, volatile naphthas. Bible Dictionaries - Easton's Bible Dictionary - Bitumen, Encyclopedias - International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Bitumen, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. It is amorphous, of low specific gravity, 1-2 with a black or brownish-black color and pitchy luster. [N] indicates this entry was also found in Nave's Topical Bible. In the latter oil seeps and heavy asphalt are known. ... //christianbookshelf.org/leupold/exposition of genesis volume 1/chapter xi.htm, The Sea of Sodom ... so properly interpret here, "the salt sea," as "the bituminous sea." Pitch [N] [S] ( Genesis 6:14 ), asphalt or bitumen in its soft state, called "slime" ( Genesis 11:3 ; 14:10 ; Exodus 2:3 ), found in pits near the Dead Sea (q.v.). Teak-wood tree, wait twenty years for it to mature, and cut it into planking - Folklore. They filled that part of the western cloister  which was between the beams, and the roof under them, with dry materials, as also with bitumen and pitch ... /.../chapter 3 concerning a stratagem.htm, Bitumen (3 Occurrences)... naphthas.
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